A landmark paper appeared last December in the National Science Review (summary). It describes the complex interdependencies between climate, consumption, population, demographics, inequality, economic growth, migration, and more. Written by an interdisciplinary team of 20 authors hailing from organizations worldwide including NASA, Johns Hopkins, and more, the paper explains that it is impossible to understand these systems in isolation. There are important—and non-obvious—interactions. Poverty impacts climate. Inequity impacts the status of women. Conflict impacts resource usage. And much more.
The bottom line: our understanding of the world is no longer good enough. We need to raise our game.