The #COVID19 Driver’s Seat

I caught COVID19 in March, a few weeks after breaking my arm badly enough to need surgery.  I made it through, but along the way, and with the perspective afforded by a lot of time on the couch and away from the day-to-day business of Quantellia, I became galvanized to do something about other COVID sufferers like me.

Reading up on the disease and interventions, I noticed that the great COVID19 models from around the world were not accessible in a unified way that made them easy to use by decision makers. It left an important type of question unanswered, like, “How can I translate my county’s COVID19 incidence prediction into a decision about when to open up, with my particular local characteristics?”, and “What combination of interventions are going to be the most effective in my situation?”

Realizing that these were typical decision intelligence (DI) questions, I then set to coughing and coding, and built a prototype COVID19 decision simulator. One view looks like this:

What you’re seeing is a simulated downtown San Francisco; people are walking around town, and you can see their illness level and COVID particles if you zoom in. This one goes beyond things you can’t control to what you can control. If you are, for instance, a city manager, you can experiment with how much to invest in a mask-wearing campaign, and see the results (although note that the underlying epidemiological model is not correct, since this is a prototype). And you can see how that decision interacts with other interventions.

To view the results of thousands of simulations, the simulator includes another view. In this “immediate mode”, you can see the results not of just one simulation, but of many, which have determined the probable impact of multiple choices on the outcomes you care about:

Ultimately this simulation also produces a ranked list of the expected value of COVID19 interventions in your situation, as illustrated to the right:

Why risk analysis and mitigation needs a facelift for situations like COVID19

COVID19, climate change, and several more of the “super wicked” unsolved problems share a few things in common. COVID-19 is invisible, and its effects play out through long chains of cause-and-effect through space and time.  So determining the interventions along this chain that will together produce the best effect is very complicated. In addition, the chains are exponential and nonlinear, involving “virtuous” and “vicious” cycles, and the dynamics within them are emergent. The situation changes rapidly as we learn more about how to reduce the likelihood of infection, how the virus spreads, and about the infection rate and incidence rate is in different geographical areas. 

We need solutions that take all of these factors into account.  But let’s face it: humans are not very good at navigating these kinds of situations; we need help. Those of us in data science and artificial intelligence know that we have a lot to offer. Yet there is a “missing chassis”: like a car, we need powerful technology “under the hood”, an easy-to-use “driver’s seat”, and this missing connecting layer, as shown here:

The good news is that, in the last 1,000 years, we’ve built the “engine parts” for a robust solution.  We have only now to to assemble them through this “chassis” integration framework that connects in two directions: connecting the “engine parts” together, and connecting the technology to non-technical decision makers and the general public (who have massive skin in the game, and so deserve to be included).

The picture above shows how this works.  Multiple technologies live “under the hood” where those who wish to use them don’t have to learn their innards.  They are accessed from a “driver’s seat” where the tech is translated into a form that is easy to use for decision makers.  I think that this should be an interactive and immersive visual video game-like simulation that can run on a browser, in Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR), and on a mobile device.  And connecting these two is the decision intelligence layer, which acts as both a blueprint that all can understand as well as an integration framework defining how the pieces connect.

Below is a video that I made showing how the simulator looks today.

My goal is to inspire an international effort to integrate these technologies so that we can minimize COVID19 risk in all the places where we need to be in physical proximity: home, work, and more. We need many kinds of supporters; please drop me a line if you’d like to be part of this work.

Pratt has been delivering AI and DI solutions for her clients for over 30 years. These include the Human Genome Project, the Colorado Bureau of Investigation, the US Department of Energy, and the Administrative Office of the US Courts. Formerly a computer science professor, Pratt is a popular international speaker and has given two TEDx talks. Her Quantellia team offers AI, DI, and full-stack software solutions to clients worldwide. Previously a leading technology analyst, Pratt has also authored dozens of academic papers, co-edited the book: Learning to Learn, and co-authored the Decision Engineering Primer. Her most recent book: Link: How Decision Intelligence makes the Invisible Visible (Emerald Press) was published in 2019 and was a finalist for the prestigious PROSE award. With media appearances such as on NPR<,CSPAN, TechEmergence and GigaOm, Pratt is also listed on the Women Inventors and Innovator’s Project. Pratt blogs at www.lorienpratt.com.

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